Connect with us

Expert Guides

How to Recover Corrupted Audio Files in Reaper (lifesaver)



maxresdefault 29

Recover Corrupted Audio Files in Reaper

How to fix a corrupted audio file! Having a corrupted audio file can be incredibly stressful and even gut wrenching. If you ever tried to load a file and it doesn’t play then you may have this dreaded situation to deal with! I have some good news and may just be what you need to save your sound file!

In this quick tutorial as I show you how to easily repair your file without any coding or expensive software!

Continue Reading

Field Recording

Unleash the Power of Sound with Field Recording Techniques | Discover the Benefits Today




importance of capturing environmental sounds

Field recording, exemplified by the work of acclaimed sound artist Chris Watson recording the sounds of the Amazon rainforest, is a crucial tool in capturing the essence of our environment.

But what exactly is the purpose of venturing out into the field to capture audio? While the answer might seem straightforward, the depth of field recording's significance goes far beyond simply collecting sounds.

It encompasses a realm of creativity, authenticity, and exploration that is essential for various industries and individuals.

Key Takeaways

  • Field recording serves multiple purposes, including contributing to sound libraries and acoustic ecology, enhancing multimedia projects, inspiring creativity and inspiration, and preserving audio heritage.
  • Specialized equipment and techniques, such as omnidirectional microphones and various recording techniques, are used to capture authentic and diverse sounds.
  • Field recording can elevate the audio experience in multimedia projects, such as video games, films, and virtual reality, by providing realistic soundscapes.
  • Field recording also plays a crucial role in documenting and preserving cultural and natural soundscapes, including traditional music, languages, and environmental soundscapes, for future generations.

Capturing Environmental Ambiance

Capturing environmental ambiance through field recording involves the precise documentation of natural and human-produced sounds, electromagnetic fields, and vibrations using high-quality equipment and innovative techniques. Field recordists employ specialized audio recorders, omnidirectional microphones, and stereo recording techniques to capture audio that faithfully represents the natural soundscapes. These recordings serve as invaluable resources for sound libraries, providing authentic and diverse material for various applications in audio production.

The utilization of omnidirectional microphones enables the capture of a 360-degree sonic environment, ensuring the faithful reproduction of the spatial characteristics of the recording location. Additionally, the stereo recording technique, employing two microphones arranged to simulate human hearing, allows for the preservation of the directional and distance cues present in the original sound source, providing a more immersive listening experience.

The meticulous capturing of environmental ambiance not only enriches sound libraries but also fosters a deeper connection with the natural world. It allows for the preservation of unique sonic environments and offers an opportunity for individuals to experience and appreciate the beauty of natural acoustics. Furthermore, these recordings can be utilized in various artistic and practical applications, ranging from music production to the creation of immersive sound installations and multimedia artworks.


728x90 4

Documenting Cultural and Natural Soundscapes

preserving auditory heritage through documentation

Documenting cultural and natural soundscapes involves meticulously capturing the unique auditory characteristics of specific locations, encompassing both the ambient sounds of the environment and the culturally significant sonic elements present within it. Field recording serves as the primary method for documenting these soundscapes, utilizing high-quality recording equipment to capture a diverse range of sounds. The practice of documenting cultural and natural soundscapes contributes to the field of acoustic ecology, providing valuable source material for sound designers and researchers.

By using field recordings, sound designers can access authentic sounds that enhance their projects, contributing to the creation of immersive auditory experiences. The process involves employing various recording techniques, such as A/B, XY, M/S, as well as innovative methods like creative microphone placement and sound diffusion, to accurately capture the acoustic environments. This meticulous approach ensures that the documented sounds faithfully represent the cultural and natural characteristics of specific locations.

Documenting cultural and natural soundscapes not only enriches sound libraries but also provides opportunities for individuals to explore diverse sonic environments, contributing to their mental well-being. It allows for a deeper connection with the environment and serves as a form of mindfulness, offering a break from the digital world. Ultimately, documenting these soundscapes through field recording offers a wealth of opportunities for creativity, research, and the preservation of cultural sonic heritage.

Enhancing Multimedia Projects

Field recording enhances multimedia projects by providing a diverse range of authentic and immersive sounds to elevate the overall audio experience. It allows for the creation of realistic soundscapes, adding depth and richness to multimedia content. Incorporating high-quality, natural sounds through field recording enhances the overall audio experience, making the content more engaging and captivating. This can be particularly beneficial for video games, films, virtual reality experiences, and other multimedia projects where audio plays a crucial role in creating a sense of immersion and realism.

Field Recording Tools Description
Contact Microphones Capture vibrations and acoustic signals from solid surfaces, offering unique sound perspectives
Stereo Recordings Create a sense of spatial realism, capturing the ambiance and location of the recorded sounds
Digital Audio Recorders Enable high-quality, portable audio recording, suitable for capturing a wide range of sounds
Sound Libraries Provide a vast collection of sound effects and ambient recordings for use in multimedia projects

Fostering Creativity and Inspiration

nurturing innovation and imagination

Fostering creativity and inspiration in the realm of field recording entails engaging with the sonic environment to cultivate innovative approaches to sound capture.

Field recording offers a wealth of opportunities for creativity, inspiring fresh perspectives on the audio-visual experience.

The use of specialized microphones, such as omnidirectional microphones, allows for the capture of a wide range of sounds, fostering an environment where unique recording experiences can drive creative processes.


728x90 4

Whether recording indoors or outdoors, the diversity of sonic environments presents a myriad of possibilities for inspiration.

Moreover, the creative process in field recording isn't limited to traditional soundscapes.

ASMR videos and the exploration of unusual objects can spark inventive ideas, propelling the development of new techniques and expanding artistic expression.

These recordings find use in a variety of multimedia projects, including film, where they can evoke powerful emotional responses and enhance storytelling.

Ultimately, the process of professional field recording promotes constant experimentation and innovation, nurturing an environment where the boundaries of creativity are continuously pushed, leading to the development of new and exciting sonic experiences.


728x90 4

Preserving Audio Heritage

Preserving audio heritage is a critical endeavor that builds upon the creative processes and innovative techniques inherent in field recording, ensuring the conservation of cultural and environmental soundscapes for future generations.

Through the art of field recording, sounds are captured using various equipment such as the Sennheiser MKH series, which excels in capturing environmental and ambient sounds with exceptional clarity and precision.

This process, rooted in the pioneering work of individuals like Ludwig Koch and Pierre Schaeffer, aims to document and safeguard traditional music, languages, and environmental soundscapes that may be endangered or at risk of disappearing.

The utilization of advanced techniques such as phonography and the implementation of specialized microphones like the Mid microphone enable the creation of a rich stereo image that authentically represents the sonic environment.

Preserving audio heritage through field recording not only safeguards these invaluable soundscapes but also makes them accessible to future generations, fostering a deeper understanding and appreciation of diverse sonic cultures and environments.


728x90 4

Frequently Asked Questions

Why Do People Do Field Recordings?

We do field recordings to capture the richness of environmental sounds, wildlife audio, urban ambiance, cultural traditions, historical preservation, soundscapes exploration, natural landscapes, industrial machinery, human interactions, and remote locations.

Field recording allows us to authentically collect and preserve these diverse sonic elements, enhancing sound libraries and providing unique, real-world sounds for creative projects.

It encourages exploration and creativity in the sonic world and can lead to careers in sound design and audio engineering.

Why Is Recording Important in Field Work?

Recording is vital in field work for documenting the authenticity of environments. It captures the natural ambience, preserving cultural traditions and historical significance.

Our research focuses on the importance of soundscapes in storytelling, especially in remote expeditions and wildlife habitats. The acoustic ecology of these areas is crucial for understanding and conservation.


728x90 4

Professional equipment ensures high-quality recordings, enhancing our ability to convey the immersive experience of these environments.

What Is the Difference Between Field Recording and Studio Recording?

Field recording requires specialized equipment like high-quality recorders, microphones, and pre-amplifiers to capture real-world sounds. Environmental challenges, such as unpredictable noise and weather, demand adaptability and technical skills.

Unlike studio recording, field recording offers creative freedom and authenticity, but requires meticulous location scouting. Capturing atmosphere and post-production processing enhance sound quality.

It's a balance of embracing the natural environment while utilizing technical expertise to produce high-quality recordings.

What Are Different Types of Field Location Recording?

Different environments, wildlife sounds, urban landscapes, natural ambience, cultural events, industrial sounds, remote locations, atmospheric recordings, environmental sounds, and outdoor activities offer diverse opportunities for field location recording.


728x90 4

We utilize A/B, XY, and M/S techniques and explore innovative microphone placement like contact microphones and hydrophones. This expands artistic expression and possibilities.

Accessories such as windscreens, shock mounts, and microphone cables enhance our recordings.


In conclusion, field recording serves as a crucial tool for capturing authentic environmental ambiance and cultural soundscapes.

Did you know that over 70% of sound designers incorporate field recordings into their projects to enhance the sonic experience?

These recordings not only enhance multimedia projects but also inspire creativity and preserve audio heritage.


728x90 4

The diverse techniques and applications of field recording continue to shape the way we engage with sound in various media productions.

Continue Reading

Field Recording

Can Your Boss Spy on Your Microsoft Teams Calls? Find Out Here!




employer monitoring teams calls

Have we all heard about the rumors circulating about employers listening in on Teams calls? How accurate are these rumors?

As we navigate the modern workplace, the question of whether Teams calls can be monitored by an employer has become increasingly important.

The implications for privacy rights and the legalities surrounding this issue are complex and multifaceted.

So, can your employer really listen in on your Teams calls? Let's dive into the details and unravel this intriguing topic.

Key Takeaways

  • Employers must adhere to legal limitations when monitoring Teams calls, including explicit disclosure for personal audio calls.
  • Microsoft's commitment to privacy means personal audio calls are not monitored, but compliance policies may allow automatic recording of meetings.
  • Monitoring Teams calls raises issues regarding the privacy rights of employees, and employers should consider privacy implications and respect employee privacy rights.
  • Microsoft Teams offers monitoring tools for employers to track calls, meetings, and extract information, but limitations are in place to protect the privacy rights of employees.

Legalities of Teams Call Monitoring

Employers must adhere to strict legal limitations when monitoring Teams calls, as personal conversations over audio calls can't be monitored without explicit disclosure by one of the participants. Microsoft's commitment to privacy means that personal audio calls aren't monitored. Compliance policies may allow organizations to automatically record meetings, but this doesn't extend to private calls. However, it's important to note that private audio calls aren't recorded or captured for subsequent processing and retention. Even users under the compliance policy are aware of the recording but can't disable it or access it once the interaction is complete.

From a legal standpoint, the monitoring of Microsoft Teams calls by employers raises issues regarding the privacy of employees. The employer's ability to access usage data and chat data brings forth implications concerning the boundaries of private communication. While an employer can see usage data, the monitoring of private conversations without explicit consent may infringe upon the employee's privacy rights.

728x90 4

Therefore, it's crucial for employers to navigate the legalities of Teams call monitoring with caution to ensure compliance with privacy regulations and to respect the privacy of their employees.

Implications for Privacy Rights

impact on personal privacy

The legal limitations surrounding the monitoring of Microsoft Teams calls by employers raise significant implications for the privacy rights of employees, particularly in the context of accessing usage data and chat data.

While employers are restricted from monitoring personal conversations over audio calls unless disclosed by one of the participants, there are concerns about the potential for abuse, particularly in state-run organizations. Microsoft's commitment to privacy includes safeguards to prevent the monitoring of personal audio calls, although compliance policies may allow for the automatic recording of meetings, not private calls. This introduces a potential loophole that could infringe upon employees' privacy rights.

Furthermore, the capability for employers to view Microsoft Teams chat history for specific reasons such as investigations or allegations of misconduct raises additional privacy concerns. Although there are controls and processes in place to govern this capability and prevent misuse, the implications for employee privacy rights remain significant.

It's essential for employers and organizations to carefully consider the privacy implications of monitoring teams calls and to ensure that any monitoring activities are conducted in a manner that respects the privacy rights of employees.

Microsoft Teams Monitoring Tools

When considering the Microsoft Teams monitoring tools, it becomes evident that the platform offers employers the capability to track calls and meetings, extract information from the admin center, and utilize built-in recording features to access employees' meeting details.

728x90 4

Employers can monitor Microsoft Teams calls and meetings by accessing the admin center, which provides them with the ability to extract information such as messages, calls, and app usage.

Additionally, the built-in recording feature allows employers to review and access employees' meeting details, including the duration of the meetings and the participants involved.

However, it's important to note that personal conversations over audio calls can't be monitored unless disclosed by one of the participants.

This demonstrates that while employers have access to certain monitoring tools within Microsoft Teams, there are limitations in place to protect the privacy rights of employees.

Employee Monitoring Vs. Spying

balancing workplace oversight

In considering the ethical and legal implications of employee monitoring, it's crucial to distinguish between legitimate oversight and intrusive surveillance practices.

Employers have the right to monitor certain aspects of employee activity on Microsoft Teams, such as tracking calls, meetings, chats, time spent online, screen sharing, and deleted messages. However, there's a fine line between monitoring for legitimate business purposes and engaging in spying behavior.

728x90 4

Legitimate monitoring involves tracking employee data to ensure productivity, compliance, and security within the organization. On the other hand, spying entails unauthorized or excessive surveillance that violates employee privacy rights.

While employers have the right to monitor work-related activities, they shouldn't engage in covert surveillance or intrude on employees' personal conversations and activities. It's essential for employers to establish transparent monitoring policies and clearly communicate the extent of monitoring to employees.

Recognizing Workplace Monitoring

To effectively navigate the complexities of workplace monitoring, organizations must clearly delineate the parameters for monitoring and ensure alignment with privacy regulations and employee rights. When it comes to Microsoft Teams calls, it's essential for both employers and employees to recognize workplace monitoring.

Here are key points to consider:

  1. Microsoft's Commitment to Privacy: Microsoft is committed to privacy and doesn't monitor personal audio calls. This means that private conversations over audio calls on Microsoft Teams aren't subject to monitoring by the employer unless disclosed by one of the participants.
  2. Compliance Policies and Recording: While compliance policies may allow organizations to automatically record meetings, this doesn't apply to private calls. Users under the compliance policy will be aware of the recording but can't disable it or access it once the interaction is complete.
  3. Employer's Right to Monitor: Employers may have the ability to monitor Microsoft Teams user activity, including chat and call logs. However, it's crucial for employers to ensure that any monitoring aligns with privacy regulations and is conducted for valid reasons related to business operations.

Understanding and recognizing workplace monitoring in the context of Microsoft Teams calls is essential for both employers and employees to uphold privacy and compliance standards.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can Your Boss Track You Through Teams?

In the context of privacy concerns, it's important to address the issue of whether employers can track employees through Teams. Legal implications, employee rights, and surveillance laws come into play.

728x90 4

Ethical boundaries and workplace trust are also significant. Remote work monitoring and digital privacy raise questions about consent requirements and data security.

It's crucial to ensure that any monitoring aligns with privacy laws and respects employees' rights.

Can Employers View Teams Calls?

Yes, employers can view Teams calls for legitimate business purposes. However, this raises privacy concerns, legal implications, and ethical considerations.

Such monitoring must align with employee rights and communication boundaries while addressing data security and trust issues. Surveillance technology in remote work brings challenges, necessitating transparent policies and respectful handling of personal conversations.

Balancing monitoring needs with privacy rights is crucial for fostering a productive and trusting work environment.

728x90 4

Are Teams Calls Recorded by Company?

Teams calls aren't recorded by the company in accordance with privacy concerns. However, employers can access chat history for legal and productivity monitoring.

Employee rights and data security are crucial in remote work settings. Monitoring software raises ethical considerations and workplace surveillance. It's essential to balance trust and transparency while using communication tools.

Legal implications must be considered to ensure compliance with privacy laws while safeguarding organizational interests.

Can Your Employer Record Teams Calls Without Your Knowledge?

Yes, it's crucial to understand privacy rights, legal implications, and employee consent when considering whether an employer can record Teams calls without knowledge.

Company policy, surveillance laws, and technology limitations play key roles.

728x90 4

Balancing personal boundaries, workplace trust, and data security align with ethical considerations.

This issue requires a comprehensive approach that respects both the rights of the employer and the employees.

What Privacy Rights Do Employees Have on Microsoft Teams Calls?

When using Microsoft Teams for work, it’s important to “know your employee rights” regarding privacy. Employees have the right to privacy during Teams calls, and employers should not monitor or record conversations without permission. It’s essential for both employees and employers to understand and respect these rights.


In conclusion, as employees, we must be aware of the potential for our Microsoft Teams calls to be monitored by our employers. It's important to understand the legal implications and our privacy rights in this context.

While monitoring tools may be utilized for legitimate reasons, it's crucial for organizations to prioritize employee privacy and handle access to chat history responsibly.

728x90 4

Just as we safeguard our physical belongings, we must also protect our digital conversations like we'd lock our personal diaries.

Continue Reading

Field Recording

Discover the Two Types of Fieldbus for Industrial Automation and Control Systems




types of fieldbus explained

Did you know that fieldbus technology is utilized in more than 50% of process control applications around the globe?

When it comes to fieldbus, there are two main types that are commonly used in industrial automation. Understanding the differences and applications of these two types of fieldbus can be crucial for engineers and professionals in the field of process control.

Let's take a closer look at the two types of fieldbus and explore their unique capabilities and applications in industrial settings.

Key Takeaways

  • Foundation Fieldbus is used in over 50% of all process control applications worldwide.
  • Foundation Fieldbus enables seamless two-way communication with smart sensors.
  • Foundation Fieldbus H1 is specifically designed for field-level interface and device integration.
  • Profibus is an international standard for fieldbus communication in industrial networks.

Foundation Fieldbus Overview

Foundation Fieldbus technology revolutionizes process control by enabling seamless two-way communication with smart sensors and supporting control-in-the-field strategies across the plant. In industrial process automation, Foundation Fieldbus plays a crucial role in creating a robust communication network for field devices. It offers a more efficient and cost-effective solution compared to traditional point-to-point communication systems.

Foundation Fieldbus H1, one of the different types of fieldbus technologies, is specifically designed for field-level interface and device integration. It's suitable for hazardous and explosive areas, as well as intrinsic safety applications. Additionally, it eliminates the need for physical marshalling, reducing cabling, system footprint, and points of failure. This makes it an ideal choice for industries where safety and reliability are paramount.

Foundation Fieldbus technology also supports NAMUR NE107 recommendations for effective management of diagnostic data, enhancing the overall control and monitoring capabilities. Furthermore, it allows for multidrop communication, resulting in significant cable savings and cost reduction.


728x90 4

Fieldbus protocols, such as Profibus, DeviceNet, and Foundation Fieldbus, ensure compatibility and seamless communication between different systems and corporations, making Foundation Fieldbus a versatile and essential component in modern industrial automation.

Profibus Introduction

overview of profibus technology

Profibus, another prominent fieldbus technology in process automation, complements the capabilities of Foundation Fieldbus, offering seamless communication and enhanced interoperability for industrial control systems.

As an international standard for fieldbus communication in industrial networks, Profibus facilitates digital communication between field devices, such as sensors and actuators, and the control system. It supports various network topologies, enabling devices to communicate efficiently within the fieldbus network. Profibus plays a crucial role in process control, allowing for the integration of diverse devices into a single system, thereby enhancing the overall operational efficiency.

Profibus, much like Foundation Fieldbus, provides a robust foundation for the implementation of advanced control strategies and real-time monitoring in industrial settings. The technology's ability to enable multidrop communication and two-way data exchange further contributes to its significance in the realm of process automation.

With its seamless integration capabilities and support for a wide range of field devices, Profibus serves as a vital component in modern industrial control systems, offering enhanced flexibility and efficiency.

Foundation Fieldbus Applications

In industrial settings, the applications of Foundation Fieldbus extend to enabling advanced control strategies and real-time monitoring, enhancing operational efficiency.


728x90 4

Foundation Fieldbus H1, designed for field-level interface and device integration, is well-suited for hazardous areas and supports various network topologies. This fieldbus allows for control-in-the-field strategies across the entire process plant, enabling field instruments to execute control functions and reducing the load on plant computers.

Foundation Fieldbus also eliminates the need for physical marshalling, reducing cabling, system footprint, points of failure, and simplifying marshalling and I/O matching.

It's worth noting that FieldComm Group owns the Foundation Fieldbus specifications and provides related services, testing, and registering Foundation Fieldbus devices for interoperability.

Additionally, the Foundation Fieldbus protocol is compatible with IEC specifications, compliant with IEC 61158, IEC 61804, and IEC 61508, and based on the OSI layered communications model. This not only ensures efficient communication between industrial devices but also facilitates effective network management within an industrial setting.

Profibus Advantages

efficient data transmission protocol

Discussing Profibus advantages from the context of advanced control strategies and real-time monitoring in industrial settings, it's important to highlight its benefits in terms of reduced cabling requirements, flexibility, scalability, real-time control, and enhanced reliability.

In the realm of advanced control networks, Profibus offers significant advantages. Firstly, the reduced cabling requirements lead to cost savings and lower installation costs, making it an appealing option for various types of industrial control networks.


728x90 4

The flexibility and scalability of Profibus are crucial, as they allow for easy addition or removal of devices from the network without significant changes to the infrastructure, providing an intelligent field for distributed control.

Moreover, Profibus enables real-time control and monitoring, which is essential for efficient data exchange and improved overall network efficiency, particularly when integrated with programmable logic controllers (PLCs), sensors, and actuators.

Additionally, the enhanced reliability of Profibus is important to consider, as it offers short signal pathways, protection against interference, consistent data transmission, and the potential for Fiber Optic communication, all of which contribute to its efficacy in industrial settings.

Fieldbus Comparison: Foundation Vs. Profibus

Comparing Foundation Fieldbus to Profibus reveals the distinctions in their communication protocols and application suitability. Foundation Fieldbus is commonly used in process control systems, offering high-speed communication for industrial networks. It supports both digital and analog devices, making it suitable for a wide range of applications on the plant floor. On the other hand, Profibus is widely used in manufacturing and process automation. It provides seamless communication for various devices, offering flexibility in operating diverse industrial equipment. Below is a comparison table highlighting the key differences between Foundation Fieldbus and Profibus:

Aspect Foundation Fieldbus Profibus
Application Process control Automation
Device Support Digital and analog Various devices
Communication Speed High-speed Seamless
Industrial Use Plant floor Manufacturing
Fieldbus Type Fieldbus H1 PROFIBUS-PA

Frequently Asked Questions

What Is the Most Common Field Bus?

The most common field bus is Foundation Fieldbus H1 and PROFIBUS-PA, each with its advantages.


728x90 4

When comparing field bus protocols, we consider reliability and security.

Implementing field bus networks involves addressing integration challenges and following standards developments.

Field bus technology finds applications in various industries, requiring compatibility among devices.

What Is an Example of a Fieldbus?

Fieldbus technology is vital for process control. It facilitates two-way communication and significant cost reduction. An interesting statistic is that Fieldbus enables multidrop communication and saves on cable costs.

Industrial Ethernet, wireless communication, and fieldbus protocols are key in device integration and process optimization.


728x90 4

Our mastery audience appreciates how fieldbus technology streamlines data transmission, control systems, and network architecture, enhancing automation technology and signal conversion.

Is Modbus a Type of Fieldbus?

Yes, Modbus is a widely used communication protocol in industrial automation. It facilitates serial communication, data exchange, and device integration.

With its master-slave network architecture, Modbus is compatible with various systems and supports signal transmission. Its protocol standards make it suitable for data acquisition.

While Modbus isn't a type of Foundation Fieldbus or PROFIBUS, it's a distinct fieldbus protocol highly valued for real-time communication capabilities in industrial settings.

Is PROFIBUS a Type of Fieldbus?

Yes, PROFIBUS is a type of fieldbus technology commonly used in industrial automation for network communication, data transmission, and signal transmission.


728x90 4

The PROFIBUS protocol is widely accepted in control engineering and allows for efficient communication between field devices.

It's a robust communication protocol that enables reliable and high-speed transmission within a bus system, making it a crucial technology in process control systems.


In conclusion, both Foundation Fieldbus and PROFIBUS-PA offer significant benefits in process control, such as multidrop communication leading to cost savings.

Did you know that using fieldbus technologies can reduce cable usage by up to 80% compared to traditional wiring methods? This not only saves money but also reduces installation time and complexity.

Embracing fieldbus technologies can truly revolutionize process control systems.


728x90 4

Continue Reading

Affiliate disclaimer

As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.


Top News

About us

StrongMocha is a magazine for music producers, audio engineers, and sound designers. StrongMocha Magazine provides the latest industry news, reviews of gear and software, tutorials on recording techniques, and tips for mixing.



Copyright © 2024 StrongMocha Affiliate disclaimer As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.